Though Hegel’s Reason has its function in the unification of the categories, its goal is abstract, an Idea. The senses, the understanding and the reason are powerless instruments in one’s attempt at perfectly comprehending its nature or realising it in experience. The world, in his philosophy, is only a conglomeration of isolated and abstract names and forms, which, when they are thus isolated, lose all reality. One must put the Vedanta into daily practice, in every action that one does. If u fail to understand this then u r like a dog that chases every car, you ll eventually end up getting lost somewhere. This negative knowledge becomes the starting point of the effort towards its positive realisation in meditation and communion. Swami Sivananda carefully distinguishes between the gross concept of the world that the common man has in his mind and the true concept of it that the purified, analytic mind of an aspirant after Truth ought to have. Philosophy gives us a promise of such a majestic vision. This is actually what has happened, and great scientists like Max Planck, Einstein, James Jeans and Eddington have given intimations of that something that science is not able to say anything about. Hence nothing that is known to the human being in this empirical world can be of any use in the realm of the trans-empirical Consciousness. Swami Sivananda differs from Hegel’s conception of philosophy as the work of the unifying Reason. The meaning of life is "freedom from suffering" through apatheia (Gr: απαθεια), that is, being objective and having "clear judgement", not indifference. Philosophy has no quarrel with science; it concedes that science is necessary and useful in reinforcing its own conclusions, but it strictly warns science that it is limited to physical phenomena. Man wants to know about transcendental matters when he is in a reflective state. But a life philosophy doesn’t have to be a complex thing. The keynote speakers will be John Cottingham (Professor Emeritus of Philosophy, University of Reading) and Lisa Bortolotti (Professor of Philosophy, University of Birmingham).. The psychological principles, to Swami Sivananda, are but certain of the several stages and functional points of the appearance of the Absolute in the evolutionary process of the external subtle universe existing behind the gross mass of the five elements. We need not point out here that science lays too much trust in the validity of sense-perception and thus gets vitiated by the gross limitations to which the senses are obviously subject. These codes or principles are what define us. It will be seen in the course of the study of the principles constituting the universe that what is implied within in experience is also implied outside in the contents of experience and in the objects and the conditions that are necessary for bringing about this experience. Philosophy is a necessary means for the possession of the higher knowledge of the Self. In mystic or religious experience the intellect and the reason are completely transcended, while philosophy is all intellect and reason, though it is grounded ultimately in deep religious experience. There is an urge within him to know about the secret of death, the secret of immortality, the nature of the soul, the creator and the world.” “Philosophy is the self-expression of the growing spirit in man. It is an impartial approach to all problems and aspects of life and existence, and its studies are not devoted merely to the empirical world, as in the case of the physical and biological sciences; not restricted to the provinces of faith and authority or to the questions of the other world, as is the case with theological disquisitions; not confined to investigation of the mind and its behaviour, as in psychology; not given over merely to casuistry and ethology, as in the normative science of morality and ethics; not taken up with the consideration of civic duties and problems of administration and constitution, as in the case of politics; not concerned with the solution of problems and techniques of adjusting and ordering and discovering the origin and organisation and development of human society, like economics and sociology; but are adapted for an exhaustive treatment of the basic presuppositions of each and every one of these, as also of what is other than and beyond all these, that on which all these are ultimately founded and which is the ground of all knowledge and experience in general. 1 : an overall vision of or attitude toward life and the purpose of life. This confusion is to be found even in Hegel who, not carefully distinguishing between the eternal and the transitory characters present in the world, thinks that the existence of the world is necessary for the perfection of the Absolute. Man possesses nothing superior to reason, and so philosophy cannot go beyond it. Philosophy has a purely negative value—of offering an exhaustive criticism of sense-experience and logical thought and indirectly arriving at the concept of Reality by demonstrating the limitations and inadequacies of the former. Stoicism's prime directives are virtue, reason, and natural law, abided to develop personal self-control and mental fortitude as means of overcoming destructive emotions. Philosophical knowledge in the true sense of the term cannot be had through sense-experience, for, the latter is confined to appearances. For Spinoza, it is the perception of things sub specie eternitatis. Undifferentiatedness and transcendence of qualities do not in any way mean reducing Reality to non-being. Mysticism is in a way the most magnificent part of philosophical studies, though certain rationalist philosophers, in their enthusiasm to save themselves from falling into irrationalism of any kind, commit the error of not knowing that true mysticism deals with truths that range beyond and determine all rational processes of knowledge. A philosophy of life is any general attitude towards, or philosophical view of, the meaning of life or of the way life should be lived. If u don't do wat u love u should love what you do. DICTIONARY.COM The Stoic does not seek to extinguish emotions, only to avoid emotional … But within the internal view of meaning, we can argue that meaning is best found in activities that benefit others, the community, or the Earth as a whole. Under psychology the constitution, function and behaviour of the mind is discussed in philosophy. The world is based on the Absolute; it is a manifestation of the Absolute. God either exists or not, and is necessary or unnecessary for an explanation of experience. Thus, there is no similarity between the characteristics of reason and the nature of Reality. The good is that which, directly or indirectly, leads the individual to the experience of the Absolute, which is the ultimate good. All other pursuits of man should stem from the force of this essential vocation of human intelligence. The outcome of this process is a philosophical theory of meaning in life. Always do what makes you feel great. Philosophers are its voice” (Philosophy and Teachings, p.1). What he says of the Vedanta is true of all genuine philosophy aiming at the salvation of the human soul: “Vedanta is that bold philosophy which teaches the unity of life or the oneness of consciousness.” “It is that sublime philosophy which elevates the mind at once to the magnificent heights of Brahman-hood, divine splendour and glory, which makes man absolutely fearless, which destroys all barriers that separate man from man and which brings concord, unruffled peace and harmony to suffering humanity.” “It is the only philosophy that, when properly understood and practised, can put a definite stop to world wars and all dissensions, splits and skirmishes that exist in different nations and communities.” “Vedanta is a magnetic healing balm for the wounded and the afflicted in the dreadful battlefield of this dire mundane existence. Definition of philosophy of life. Philosophy does not pretend to give us Truth as it is, but is capable of intimating to us the existence of a super-sensible being which presses itself forward in each and every one of our experiences as their sole value, essence and justification, as the highest consummation and beatitude of all individuals in the universe. Philosophy is a general exposition of the ultimate concepts, meanings and values of the things of the universe, by a resort to their final causes which range beyond the reach of the senses. The way of the good is the direction of the right. “Philosophy is the expression of the inner urge to know the Atman. It becomes possible for philosophy to concern itself with metaphysical essences by resting on the strong foundation of the testimony given by sages to deep meditation and realisation. The latter two are either identical in essence with God, or are attributes or parts of God, or are different from God. He starts by evaluating existing theories in terms of the classic triad of the good, the true, and the beautiful. However, after reading the works of many educational thinkers, and reflecting deeply upon them, my mind has been. The world is either material or mental in nature; and consciousness is independent of or is dependent on matter. It makes ample use of all the powers that the human individual is endowed with and reaches the farthest limit of these powers, where what it observes and studies is not that which is immediately experienced, but what is inferred from and logically implied in the facts it envisages directly in that borderland between understanding and reason. Quite surprisingly we learned from our pilot studies with "quality of life as medicine" that just by assimilating the basic concepts of the quality of life philosophy presented in this series of papers, patients felt better and saw their lives as more meaningful. The world is either pluralistic or a single whole; and is real, ideal or unreal, empirical, pragmatic or rational. We study the physical, chemical and biological laws in science, the logical and metaphysical principles in philosophy and the moral and the spiritual verities in religion and the higher mysticism. Philosophy conceived as metaphysics deals with an extensive reasoned discussion of the natures and the relations of God, world and the individual soul. The philosophy of Swami Sivananda is not any partial approach to Truth; it is that grand integral method which combines in itself the principles and laws discovered and established by science, metaphysics and the higher religion and which embraces in its vast bosom whatever is true, good or beautiful in the universe. By intuition, again, we do not mean the sensory intuition of certain Western philosophers, but the integral intuition of Consciousness, which is non-different from the Absolute. Eddington, the well-known scientist, remarks that the scientists have chased the solid substance from the continuous liquid to the atom, from the atom to the electron, and there they have lost it. We fill up our time with distractions, never asking whether they are important, whether we really find them of value. It is not conscious and also not universal in nature. Either one knows it fully in non-dualistic communion or does not know it at all. Philosophy is an intensely practical science. Ethics is the science of the inner conduct that is good and right. We all have something we believe in or some code of ethics that we adhere to. “One must be a practical Vedantin. When I was first asked to write a philosophy paper, the first step I did was looking to the literary meaning of the word “philosophy”. Life is the aspect of existence that processes, acts, reacts, evaluates, and evolves through growth (reproduction and metabolism). Reason rests on the awareness of duality, on the concept of the dichotomy of existence, and Truth is non-duality. Philosophy of life definition, any philosophical view or vision of the nature or purpose of life or of the way that life should be lived. The Absolute is not the one that is coloured by the functions of the senses and the understanding, but the very presupposition of the senses, understanding and reason. Meaningful Life: Philosophy. The philosophy of life would include things like how you decide what is “good” and “bad”, what “success” means, what your “purpose” in life is (including if you don’t think there is a purpose), whether there is a God, how we should treat each other, etc. The Importance of the Study of Western Thought, Part II: A Comparative Study of Some Western Philosophers. It is not circumscribed by the limitations of the past, present and future, by the laws of this place or that country, but refers to all times, places and conditions. 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